Researchers from the American Naval History and Heritage Command finally explained one of the puzzles of World War II. Officially confirmed that the wreck near the Sundown Strait from the Javanese side is the missing American heavy cruiser USS Houston.
USS Houston is a heavy cruiser of the Northampton type, the flagship of the Fleet of the Asiatic, also known as the "Galloping Spirit of the Java Coast." It was sunk by the Japanese fleet on March 1, 1942, and 700 American sailors aboard boarded it.
The main armament of the ship was nine 203mm divisions, divided into three towers. Up to eight single 127 mm universal guns and anti-aircraft weapons.
Wreck has been visited by amateurs for some time now, and it was suspected that it was the missing USS Houston. It was not until last year that American researchers, in the company of Indonesian divers, finally confirmed that the wreck was actually a wreck.
During the battle also sank the Australian cruiser HMAS Perth, the fate of both ships was unknown until the end of the war. The only information that came to the headquarters was a USS Houston telegraph launch. The situation was partially solved only when the shipwrecked survivors from the destroyed Japanese ships were prisoners from missing ships. The full picture of the battle was sketched when the survivors were repatriated after the war.
Of the original crew (1068 people), only about 290 seafarers were rescued. Despite issuing an order to leave, at the same battle, about 700 soldiers (including the commander) were killed, as the Japanese continued to fire the already sinking ship, destroying the lifeboats and killing the sailors in the water. To this should be added about 80 Americans who did not survive Japanese captivity.